What are the Training Schools?
COST ACTION networks can share knowledge and support collaboration through Training Schools. Training Schools are organised around research topics and provide dissemination opportunities for the activities of the COST action. TS provide intensive training in emerging research topics within the laboratories and organisations involved in the COST Actions. They are not intended to provide general training. They also offer familiarisation with unique equipment or expertise and are typically but not exclusively for young researchers (ECI-early career investigator, PhD students and <8 years Post-PhD), involved in COST Actions. Training Schools also cover appropriate re-training as part of life-long learning.

ENIUS Training Schools aim to

• Widen the knowledge of urinary stents.
• Provide intensive training on a new and emerging subject related to urinary stents.
• Offer familiarisation with unique equipment or new methods in one of the laboratories of the Action.
• Provide lectures and roundtable discussions, as well as practical training. Trainers are a key ingredient of our TS and we select them with great care.

The duration of a Training School is normally between 2-4 days.

Training Schools

“Update in urinary stents. Indications-Complications-Technology. Theory & Practice”

26-27 November, Cáceres, Spain


Urinary stents (ureteral-urethral, polymeric-metallic), are routinely used. They have many indications, but their main function is to facilitate urine drainage, as internal scaffolds, in cases of urinary obstruction caused by lithiasis, cancer, benign disease, surgery, kidney transplant, etc. However, despite their great usefulness, urinary stents are associated to numerous side effects and complications that reduce their efficacy. This leads to a significant impairment in the patient’s quality of life and to an increase in health expenditure.

As part of ENIUS, we developed two Working groups: WG1. State of art of Urinary stents. This WG will focus its work in analyzing the current literature on ureteral, urethral and prostatic stents from a multidisciplinary point of view. WG3. Methodology for the development and validation of new stent designs. The WG3 will be in charge of developing the Methodology and validation protocols of future urinary tract stents. Currently there are no guidelines describing the completion of the different stages of development, assessment and validation of a new design of urinary stent.

We consider that the absence of an interdisciplinary network is the most important factor responsible for stent related morbidity. For this reason, engineers will be trained in the particularities of the urinary tract and the biological effects of stents.

Aims and Objectives

This training School will bring together a multidisciplinary group of engineers and biologist with expert urinary stents urologist and researchers. We will present the Indications, Complications, Impact of Quality of life, future developments in Urinary Stents and stenting practices in experimental OR.

The aims of the Training School are threefold:

  1. To consolidate a multidisciplinary network (urologist, translational researchers, bioengineers, etc) actively involved in urinary stent research to facilitate scientific knowledge exchange between young researchers.
  2. To create a cohort of skilled bioengineer/researchers with experience in Urinary stents.
  3. To provide engineers/biologists theoretical and practical knowledge related to current urinary stents drawbacks.
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